Many people with orthopedic conditions delay or avoid them and live by their symptoms. Some orthopedic conditions are present at birth, while others may become apparent as a result of injury or age. Common orthopedic symptoms include joint stiffness, limited range of motion, swelling, fatigue, and morning sickness. However, the symptoms can be very distressing and can affect the patient’s mental health and daily life. An orthopedic doctor treats diseases and disorders related to muscles, bones, joints, and related structures, including tendons, ligaments, bones, and nerves. Due to the wide variety of problems your muscles and bones can suffer, orthopedic surgeons are knowledgeable and experienced in dealing with several treatment options. orthopedic doctor in patna Although they are known as surgeons, they can also perform non-surgical procedures.
Osteoarthritis is a common problem in India, affecting both urban and rural populations. The high prevalence can be attributed to factors such as sedentary lifestyle, obesity and aging population.
Reduced range of motion
Osteoarthritis treatment aims to relieve pain, improve joint function and improve the individual’s quality of life. The following approaches are commonly used:
Weight management: Losing weight can reduce stress on weight-bearing joints such as knees and hips. Make sure you get early orthopedic treatment so you can benefit from a quick recovery from osteoarthritis.
Exercise: Low-impact activities such as swimming and cycling can help strengthen the muscles around the joints and improve joint mobility.
Assistive devices: Using canes, walkers, or braces can provide support and reduce joint stress.
Pain relievers: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation. Prescription NSAIDs may be recommended for severe pain.
Topical treatment: Creams or ointments containing NSAIDs or capsaicin can be applied to affected joints for localized pain relief.
Injections: Corticosteroid injections directly into the joint can provide temporary pain relief.
A physical therapist can suggest specific exercises to improve joint flexibility, strengthen muscles, and improve overall joint function.
Joint replacement: In severe cases where conservative treatment fails to provide relief, joint replacement surgery may be considered. This is the replacement of a damaged joint with an artificial prosthesis. The best solution for this condition can be reliable orthopedic treatment.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is another prevalent orthopedic problem in India. Genetic factors, environmental factors and lack of awareness about the disease contribute to its prevalence. orthopedic doctor in patna
Joint pain and swelling
Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis focuses on controlling inflammation, relieving symptoms, and slowing the progression of the disease. Treatment approaches may include:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These drugs can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs): These drugs slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by suppressing the immune system and reducing inflammation. Methotrexate is a commonly prescribed DMARD.
Biologics: Biologics, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, target specific proteins in the immune system involved in the inflammatory process.
Corticosteroids: These drugs can provide quick relief from symptoms, but are usually prescribed for short-term use because of potential side effects. Treatment at a reputable bone hospital near me can significantly reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis and ensure a healthy lifestyle.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy and occupational therapy can help improve joint function, reduce pain, and improve overall mobility. They may include exercises, joint protection techniques, and assistive devices.
Rest and exercise balance: Adequate rest is important for managing fatigue, but regular exercise, such as low-impact activities, can help maintain joint flexibility and muscle strength.
Protecting your joints: Techniques such as using assistive devices, maintaining good posture, and avoiding excessive stress on your joints can help protect your joints.